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[answered] 1) Most of the world population growth in the near future w


  1. 1) ?Most of the world population growth in the near future will be in: A) Europe B) North America C) developing countries D) developed countries
  2. 2) ?If the Millennium Development Goals are achieved by 2015: A) at least 30 developing countries will move into the developed category. B) more than 400 million people will be lifted out of extreme poverty. C) the population of the world will stop increasing. D) people in the developing world will all have basic medical coverage.
  3. 3) ?The economic gap between developing and industrialized countries may best be narrowed by: A) the adoption of democratic forms of government in developing countries B) industrialized countries increasing shipments of food supplies to developing countries C) industrialized countries harvesting more natural resources in developing countries D) stabilizing population growth in developing countries
  4. 4) ?Which of the following ecosystem service degradations is not a major environmental concern for sustainable development? A) overfishing the oceans B) degrading agricultural soils C) depleting supplies of coal D) cutting forests faster than they can regrow
  5. 5) ?Ecosystem capital includes: A) erosion control B) decreased in the amount of crops grown C) increase in the number of cars traveling in a particular region D) All of the above.
  6. 6) ?The ?Environmentalist?s Paradox? is: A) As human population decreases, ecosystem health also decreases. B) As human well-being increases, natural ecosystem decreases. C) The more non-renewable resources we use, the more new resources we discover. D) As biodiversity decreases, ecosystem health increases.

Unit 1 Examination


GED 108 Environmental Science

39

7) World population growth over the past 500 years has most resembled the letter:

A) M B) U C) S D) J

8) Which one of the following ecosystem services has been enhanced most by human use?

A) capture fisheries B) pollination
C) crops
D) wood fuel

9) Centrally planned and free-market economies both:

A) function best without government regulations
B) rely upon the self-interests of individuals
C) represent ideals not found in pure form in any country D) depend upon free access to the market

10) In a free-market society:

A) the needs of the poor are best met by the interests of business.
B) the interests of the poor, labor and business are the same
C) governments ensure the free flow of goods and services in international trade
D) the needs of the poor are often not met by business interests but by government

programs

11) The World Trade Organization:

A) mainly regulates the use of global environmental resources
B) guards human rights and the environmental resources of the world C) is widely recognized as the leader of global trade regulation
D) has steadily lost the power to regulate international trade

12) The best hope for the future global economy and environmental policy depends upon:

A) sustainability
B) economic growth C) consumption
D) productivity

Unit 1 Examination


GED 108 Environmental Science

40

  1. 13) ?Sustainable economic and environmental policies will shift the focus from: A) sustainability to productivity B) growth to the well-being of humans C) productivity to growth D) productivity to profits
  2. 14) ?If current energy consumption trends continue and the per capita income of the world increased dramatically, we would expect that: A) global climate change will be a greater problem B) literacy levels to decease C) respiratory diseases in cities will increase D) land and labor will no longer be economic factors
  3. 15) ?In comparing green to brown economies:

A) green economies will embrace technologies that reduce pollutants and increase efficiency

B) brown economies will favor sustainable systems and reverse damage to ecosystem services

C) both will continue with the race to develop more and more fossil fuel resources
D) green economies will stress rapid growth, while brown economies will stress human

well-being

16) Which of the following represents an abiotic component of a forest community?

A) the oak and hickory trees
B) the mushrooms growing on and around rotting logs C) water trickling in a small stream
D) bacteria in the soil

  1. 17) ?Most organisms native to a desert community are: A) well adapted to the heat and dry environment B) well adapted to the heat but probably not the dry environment C) well adapted to the dry environment but probably not the heat D) not well adapted to the heat or dry environment
  2. 18) ?Within a community, species of: A) plants rarely interact with fungi or bacteria B) bacteria, plants, animals, and fungi all interact C) plants and animals interact, but not with bacteria or fungi D) bacteria and fungi interact with plants but not animals

Unit 1 Examination


GED 108 Environmental Science

41

19) A single ecosystem will include:

A) an interactive complex of communities but not the abiotic environment B) the abiotic environment but not an interactive complex of communities C) many species of living organisms and may include humans
D) either a plant community or an animal community, but not both

20) Most ecosystems:

A) are sharply divided from other ecosystems
B) consist of two or more distinct landscapes
C) grade into other ecosystems in regions called ecotones D) are clustered with other ecosystems to form communities

21) Ecotones:

A) contain only species found in the bordering ecosystems
B) have the same abiotic characteristics as the bordering ecosystems C) consist of many distinct landscapes
D) are transitional regions between ecosystems

22) Which one of the following are much larger than landscapes?

A) landscape B) ecotone C) ecosystem D) biome

23) Newly formed species typically have experienced different:

A) numbers of offspring B) lifespans
C) dietary habits
D) selective pressures

24) In short, different selective pressures in closely related species will produce:

A) similar migration patterns
B) similar reproductive strategies C) different adaptations
D) new mutations

25) The different Gal?pagos finch species:

A) evolved in South America and flew to the Gal?pagos Islands.
B) evolved from a single ancestral species that flew to the Gal?pagos Islands. C) all feed on the same diet in the Gal?pagos Islands.
D) are primarily different because of variations in the structure of their feet.


 


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