1. Who proposed the idea that a large republic would prevent the formation of majority factions that would control the government?
a. George Washington
b. John Adams
c. James Madison
d. Alexander Hamilton
2. Marbury v. Madison was the court case before the Supreme Court that established judicial review of the laws passed by Congress.
3. What was the most important message of George Washington's farewell address at the end of his presidency?
a. American should settle its international debts to become a great power
b. Americans should avoid troubles with the "foreign world" and stay neutral
c. Democratic-Republicans and Federalists should set aside hostilities and get along
d. Americans must set aside land for Native Americans or face perpetual war
4. According to the US Constitution, which of the following would become true in 1808?
a. ?Indians, not taxed? would no longer be counted for purposes of representation
b. Slaves would no longer be counted for purposes of representation
c. Native Americans would be forced onto reservations
d. The international slave trade would no longer be legal
5. Stephen Long wrote a map that described a "Great Desert" in the areas of what would become southern California, Arizona and southern New Mexico.
6. Parson Weems mythologized the life of
a. James Madison.
b. Alexander Hamilton.
c. George Washington.
d. Benjamin Franklin.
7. The treaty that ended the War of 1812 was
a. The Treaty of Ghent
b. The Madrid Treaty
c. The Bilateral Treaty of 1814
d. The Treaty of Paris
8. In which expedition were men chased over 120 miles in 24 hours by Blackfoot Indians?
a. John C. Fremont
b. Zebulon Pike
c. Stephen Long
d. Lewis and Clark after they briefly divided their expedition
9. Why did Americans look towards the classical periods of Rome and Greece for inspiration in building their new republic?
a. They felt a strong connection with the Greeks for having thrown out tyrants
b. They felt a strong connection with the Romans for developing an empire
c. There were few successful examples of republics in the modern era
d. There were many successful examples of republics in the modern era, but the Roman and Greek models were more successful
10. What was the least common form of governments in the world in 1790?
11. On November 7, 1805 the Lewis and Clark Expedition reached what they called Cape Disappointment in what is today Oregon. Why did they name this location Cape Disappointment?
a. They were attacked by Blackfoot Indians and lost several men in their party
b. It was at Cape Disappointment that the only death in the party occurred
c. They had reached the Pacific Ocean but found that there were no trade ships that far north
d. It was at Cape Disappointment that the expedition was captured by the Spanish
12. Which of the following was NOT one of the ?Barbary states? the United States fought during the Barbary Wars?
13. The Pike Expedition was characterized by all of the following, EXCEPT
a. The United States was drawn into a skirmishes with Spain, which required an American military presence near Colorado for many years
b. The Spanish government took Pike and his men under custody
c. Pike was eventually brought to the border of Louisiana where the Spanish turned him over to the American government
d. Pike later wrote a very specific book about what he saw and heard in northern Mexico, which encouraged settlers to come down to the region along the Santa Fe trail
14. In the mid 1790s, opinions about which event created great animosity between the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans?
a. The Haitian Revolution
b. The Barbary Wars
c. The French Revolution
d. Thomas Jefferson's election
15. When President Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase from France, what happened to the people living in New Orleans?
a. They became citizens of the United States
b. The United States government also purchased their property as part of the larger purchase agreement
c. The residents had to immigrate to islands in the French Caribbean
d. The French and Spanish citizens moved to St. Augustine, Florida
16. Which of the following is NOT true of American newspapers between 1790 and 1815?
a. The newspapers were highly partisan
b. The number of newspapers more than tripled during the time period
c. The newspapers were very respectful of President Jefferson
d. Cartoons were used in newspapers to make partisan party attacks
17. Jefferson?s ?empire for liberty? was characterized as
a. A growing republic held together by common interest and affection
b. A growing republic with no place for slavery
c. A compact, powerful city-state
d. A growing republic held together by force of arms
18. According to Winterer, the details of the War of 1812 challenge the notion that the American Revolution decisively established U.S. sovereignty.
19. Why did the Federalists NOT support the French Revolution once it became radicalized in 1792 and 1793?
a. Federalists were in favor of a monarchy
b. Federalists felt the US owed allegiance to the French Monarchy for its aid during the American Revolution
c. Federalists feared France was falling into anarchy
d. Federalists opposed Jay?s treaty
20. The Shoshone woman who acted as a go-between to help Lewis and Clark travel the Pacific Northwest was Sagacawea.
21. In the decade of 1810-1820, one of the most important internal migrations was the movement of whites and African American slaves from Virginia and Maryland to Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas.
22. Which of the following is true about the Lewis and Clark expedition?
a. They detailed the wealth of Spanish controlled mining areas
b. They were captured by the Spanish
c. Their expedition featured landscape artists who recorded the beauty of the West
d. They created the most accurate maps of their time showing the sources of the Missouri River and the topography of the Rocky Mountains
23. The purpose of Jay's Treaty (1794) was
a. To end the French Revolution
b. To normalize relations between the United States and Great Britain
c. To create a cooperative agreement among Britain, France, Spain, and the United States to end piracy in the Mediterranean
d. To settle the large debt that the United States owed to France for its support during the American Revolution
24. What was the goal of many Americans in the War of 1812, according to Winterer?
a. To obtain Florida
b. To obtain more land in the Pacific Northwest
c. To bring Canada under American sovereignty
d. To take over British territories in the West Indies
25. The Neoclassicism movement
a. Inspired Thomas Jefferson to acquire the Louisiana Purchase
b. Drew inspiration from ancient Greece and Rome for fashion, architecture, and education
c. Caused the U.S. population to more than double in 30 yearsd. Was led by Hector St. Jean de Cr?vecoeur
26. All of the following were contributing factors leading to the War of 1812 EXCEPT:
a. The impressment of American sailors into the British Navyb. Britain? seizure of the port of Baltimorec. Jay?s Treaty
d. Britain?s support of Native American claims in the West
27. By the end of the early national period the U.S. government was nearly bankrupt and political strife was tearing the country apart.
28. Who composed the national anthem, the Star Spangled Banner?
a. Titian Peale
b. John Jacobs
c. Charles Wilson Peale
d. Francis Scott Key
29. According to Caroline Winterer, what was NOT a major challenge for Americans in the Early National Period?
a. How to assert and justify expansion to the West
b. How to ensure the survival of the nation among powerful European rivals
c. Finding ways to govern effectively under the weak Articles of Confederation
d. Who could be an American citizen
30. Federalists generally favored all of the below EXCEPT:
a. An economy based primarily on agriculture
b. A powerful national government
c. Federal subsidies for industries
d. The political and economic ideologies of Alexander Hamilton
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