Attached are instructions for the Case Study assigned in my Management class.? Thanks for your help!
Assignment: Week 4 Case Study: Building a
Coalition Leadership +
Organizational Behavior NOTE: Each student is required to analyze this week?s case study and submit a paper
addressing the key questions identified at the end of this document. Remember that all case
studies present both too much and too little information. There may be information presented
that is not really relevant, and there may be scant information about a key area. This analysis
does require interpretation of the information and there is not one right answer. However, you
must explain and defend any assumptions you made or conclusions resulting from your analysis
with citations from the text or from the case itself. There is no need to research outside sources
for this paper. Application of course concepts is key to fully meeting the assignment
deliverables. 1 Case 3: Building a Coalition1
Many of the most important organizational behavior challenges require coordinating plans and goals
among groups. This case describes a multi-organizational effort, but the same principles of
accommodation and compromise also apply when trying to work with multiple divisions within a single
organization. You?ll create a blueprint for managing a complex development team?s progress. The Scenario
The Woodson Foundation, a large nonprofit social service agency, is teaming up with the public school
system in Washington, D.C. to improve student outcomes. There?s ample room for improvement. The
schools have problems with truancy, low student performance, and crime. New staff quickly burns out as
their initial enthusiasm for helping students is blunted by the harsh realities they encounter in the
classroom. Turnover among new teachers is very high, and many of the best and brightest are the most
likely to leave for schools that aren?t as troubled.
The plan is to create an experimental after-school program that will combine the Woodson
Foundation?s skill in raising private money and coordinating community leaders with the educational
expertise of school staff. Ideally, the system will be financially self-sufficient, which is important because
less money is available for schools than in the past. After several months of negotiation, the leaders of
the Woodson Foundation and the school system have agreed that the best course is to develop a new
agency that will draw on resources from both organizations. The Woodson Foundation will
provide logistical support and program development and measurement staff; the school system will
provide classrooms and teaching staff.
The first stage in bringing this new plan to fruition is the formation of an executive development team.
This team will span multiple functional areas and establish the operating plan for improving school
performance. Its cross-organizational nature means representatives from both the Woodson Foundation
and the school district must participate. The National Coalition for Parental Involvement in Education
(NCPIE) is also going to be a major partner in the program, acting as a representative for parents on
behalf of the PTA. Conflict and Agreement in the Development Team
While it would be perfect if all the groups could work together easily to improve student outcomes, there
is little doubt some substantive conflicts will arise. Each group has its own interests, and in some cases
these are directly opposed to one another.
School district representatives want to ensure the new jobs will be unionized and will operate in a way
consistent with current school board policies. They are very concerned that if Woodson assumes too
dominant a role, the school board won?t be able to control the operations of the new system. The
1 Taken from Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2013). Organizational Behavior, p. 629.
2 complexity of the school system has led to the development of a highly complex bureaucratic structure
over time, and administrators want to make sure their policies and procedures will still hold for teachers
in these programs even outside the regular school day. They also worry that jobs going into the new
system will take funding from other school district jobs.
Woodson, founded by entrepreneur Theodore Woodson around 1910, still bears the hallmarks of
its founder?s way of doing business. Woodson emphasized efficiency and experimentation in everything
he did. Many of the foundation?s charities have won awards for minimizing costs while still providing
excellent services. Their focus on using hard data to measure performance for all their initiatives is not
consistent with the school district culture.
Finally, the NCPIE is driven by a mission to increase parental control. The organization believes that
when communities are able to drive their own educational methods, students and parents are better able
to achieve success together. The organization is strongly committed to celebrating diversity along racial,
gender, ethnic, and disability status categories. Its members are most interested in the process by which
changes are made, ensuring everyone has the ability to weigh in.
Some demographic diversity issues complicate the team?s situation. Most of the students served by
the Washington, D.C., school district are African American, along with large populations of Caucasians
and Hispanics. The NCPIE makeup generally matches the demographic diversity of the areas served by
the public schools. The Woodson Foundation, based in northern Virginia, is predominantly staffed by
Caucasian professionals. There is some concern with the idea that a new group that does not
understand the demographic concerns of the community will be so involved in a major change in
educational administration. The leadership of the new program will have to be able to present an
effective message for generating enthusiasm for the program across diverse stakeholder groups.
Although the groups differ in important ways, it?s also worth considering what they have in common. All
are interested in meeting the needs of students. All would like to increase student learning. The school
system does benefit from anything that increases student test scores. And the Woodson Foundation and
NCPIE are united in their desire to see more parents engaged in the system. Candidates for the Development Team
The development team will consist of three individuals? HR representatives from the Woodson
Foundation, the schools, and the NCPIE?who have prepared the following list of potential candidates for
Victoria Adams is the superintendent of schools for Washington, D.C. She spearheaded the initial
communication with the Woodson Foundation and has been building support among teachers and
principals. She thinks the schools and the foundation need to have larger roles than the parents and
communities. ?Of course we want their involvement and support, but as the professionals, we should
have more say when it comes to making decisions and implementing programs. We don?t want to shut
anyone out, but we have to be realistic about what the parents can do.?
Duane Hardy has been a principal in the Washington area for over 15 years. He also thinks the schools
should have the most power. ?We?re the ones who work with these kids every day. I?ve watched class
sizes get bigger, and scores and graduation rates go down. Yes, we need to fix this, but these outside
groups can?t understand the limitations we?re dealing with. We have the community, the politicians, the
3 taxpayers?everyone watching what we?re doing, everyone thinking they know what?s best. The parents,
at least, have more of a stake in this.?
?The most important thing is the kids,? says second-year teacher Ari Kaufman. He is well liked by his
students but doesn?t get along well with other faculty members. He?s seen as a ?squeaky wheel.? ?The
schools need change so badly. And how did they get this way? From too little outside involvement.?
Community organizer Mason Dupree doesn?t like the level of bureaucracy either. He worries that
the school?s answer to its problems is to throw more money at them. ?I know these kids. I grew up in
these neighborhoods. My parents knew every single teacher I had. The schools wanted our involvement
then. Now all they want is our money. And I wouldn?t mind giving it to them if I thought it would be used
responsibly, not spent on raises for people who haven?t shown they can get the job done.?
Meredith Watson, with the Woodson Foundation, agrees the schools have become less focused on the
families. A former teacher, she left the field of education after being in the classroom for 6 years. ?There
is so much waste in the system,? she complains. ?Jobs are unnecessarily duplicated, change processes
are needlessly convoluted. Unless you?re an insider already, you can?t get anything done. These parents
want to be involved. They know their kids best.?
Unlike her NCPIE colleagues, Candace Sharpe thinks the schools are doing the best they can. She is
a county social worker, relatively new to the D.C. area. ?Parents say they want to be involved but then
don?t follow through. We need to step it up, we need to lead the way. Lasting change doesn?t come from
the outside, it comes from the home.?
Victor Martinez has been at the Woodson Foundation for 10 years, starting as an intern straight out of
college. ?It?s sometimes hard to see a situation when you?re in the thick of it,? he explains. ?Nobody likes
to be told they?re doing something wrong, but sometimes it has to be said. We all know there are flaws in
the system. We can?t keep the status quo. It just isn?t cutting it.? Strategies for the Program Team
Once the basic membership and principles for the development team have been established, the
program team would also like to develop a handbook for those who will be running the new program.
Ideally, this set of principles can help train new leaders to create an inspirational message that will
facilitate success. The actual content of the program and the nature of the message will be hammered
out by the development team, but it is still possible to generate some overriding principles for the
program team in advance of these decisions. Your Assignment
Given the situation described, address each of the four parts of the assignment as defined in the
following table. We want your focus to mainly be on group and team dynamics.
4 Your paper MUST include the following labeled sections:
Category Part I: Issues
Identification Part II: Team
Foundations Points Description
Identify challenges or issues related to the formation of this new
organization. (focus mainly on team dynamics)
20 30 Provide a brief tutorial on key group and team dynamics concepts that you
feel will be important for the executive development team to understand.
Explain the concept and provide your rationale why this is an important
consideration. Given the stakeholders (Woodson Foundation, Public School System, and
NCPIE) involved in building a coalition to improve student outcomes,
teacher turnover, and morale issues, identify, describe, and defend a
blueprint to help the formation of this new team (coalition) with special
attention to group dynamics.
Evaluation 30 What are the essential team building blocks that need to be considered in
helping this new team come together and achieve agreement and unity of effort
in achieving their goals?
What team processes will require special attention? Part IV: Reflection 20 Provide a summary of your assessment/recommendation and why you
believe your courses of action will make a difference. 5
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