Question Details

[answered] Authenticity Authenticity occurs when an individual aligns


The attached resource (from Sage Publications)?explores how existing frameworks of wisdom can provide assistance to ?ordinary? leaders in

solving the real-life ethical dilemmas they face.?Identify and discuss three (3) dilemma which you may be able to connect with from your own experiences.?


Authenticity

 

Authenticity occurs when an individual aligns personal values with action. Authenticity is an emerging field of

 

study that has largely grown out of the demand for increased ethics in leadership as a result of the many

 

corporate scandals of the early 21st century. Conceptual Overview

 

In management science, authenticity is manifested through authentic leadership. Authentic leaders operate

 

from a moral and ethical base, have a positive emotional orientation and high level of self-awareness, and are

 

consistent in words and actions. Authentic leaders have authentic relationships with followers and are focused

 

on follower development. Authentic leadership transcends the individual leader and, through positive modeling

 

and empowerment, results in employees who are enthusiastic about and committed to their role in the

 

organization.

 

Authenticity is predominantly rooted in the humanistic and positive psychology literature, and is particularly

 

related to ethics, morality, the self, and identity theory. The historical roots include Mead's conceptualization of

 

self, Maslow's notion of the self-actualized person, and positive forms of leadership, such as servant,

 

charismatic, transformational, and spiritual. To understand authenticity and authentic leadership, a review of

 

the main authenticity scientists is required and presented below.

 

Erickson's 1995 theoretical work on the relevance of authenticity for individuals and society is grounded in

 

identity theory. She maintains that an individual's authenticity is highly influenced by society and culture, but

 

that the degree to which an individual is authentic rests purely with the self. She proposes that authenticity is a

 

commitment to self-values and that an individual's sense of relative authenticity is the degree to which an

 

individual accomplishes the goals or commitments one has for the self. The self (including the authentic self) is

 

espoused as complex, changing, and often inconsistent.

 

George brought the concept of authentic leadership to the mainstream in 2003. His book focuses primarily on

 

authentic leadership examples at Medtronic, where he was Chairman and CEO. George claims that authentic

 

leadership is the most effective type of leadership and that emulating past leaders is not effective. He proposes

 

five dimensions of authentic leadership: purpose, values, heart, relationships, and self-discipline.

 

May and colleagues discuss the moral components and decision-making processes inherent in authentic

 

leadership. This theoretical work is based on decisionmaking literature, positive psychology, and Luthans's

 

conceptualization of positive organizational behavior. Chan and colleagues present a model of how the moral

 

aspect of authentic leadership is developed, which is built around three main authentic leader attributes: (1)

 

authentic decision making; (2) authentic behavior; and (3) authentic leadership development.

 

Avolio and colleagues present a framework to explain the relationship of authentic leadership to follower

 

attributes. The authors define authentic leaders as individuals high in authenticity who know themselves and

 

their beliefs, and who act upon both while maintaining transparency in their relationships. They propose that an

 

authentic leader's hope, trust, and positive emotions manifest in followers through personal and social

 

identification, and hence, followers develop certain work-related attitudes and behaviors, such as commitment

 

1 and job performance. Critical Commentary and Future Directions

 

While authenticity has existed since before the Greeks said ?to thine own self be true,? the concept of authentic

 

leadership is in its infancy and lacks definitional agreement. Furthermore, researchers still need to overcome

 

multitudes of hurdles to empirically validate the construct. For example, identity theorists would hypothesize

 

that the self is always changing, inconsistent, and influenced by the environment. How can an instrument

 

account for these fluctuations? Additionally, researchers must decide the factors required for validation. Are the

 

followers, the individual leader, the situation, or various organizational performance metrics the most salient?

 

What role do the environment and/or culture play? In addition, can authentic leadership exist if the company is

 

not performing well?

 

Authenticity researchers rarely delve beyond the individual level or across cultures. Future research may be

 

focused on the authenticity of groups and organizations, and the possibility of authenticity flowing upward or

 

downward through the organization. This would also necessitate a study of how individuals, groups, and

 

organizations learn authenticity, or if authenticity can be learned. Future research may also consider how

 

different cultures (i.e., collectivist versus individualist) view authenticity and how this knowledge might help

 

leaders increase their effectiveness across cultures.

 

While authenticity and authentic leadership is most prevalent in not-for-profit and religious organizations, its

 

popularity as an effective and inspiring method of leadership is beginning to transcend those boundaries.

 

However, if authentic leadership is to endure, it will surely need more empirical testing and a stronger link to

 

performance and results.

 

?Michelle DeLauer Further Readings

 

Avolio, B. J., Gardner, W. L., Walumba, F. O., Luthans, F., and May, D. Unlocking the mask: A look at the

 

process by which authentic leaders impact follower attitudes and behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly vol. 15

 

(2004). pp. 801?823.

 

Erickson, R. J. The importance of authenticity for self and society. Symbolic Interaction vol. 18 no. (2)(1995).

 

pp. 121?144.

 

Gardner, W. L., Avolio, B. A., & Walumba, F. O. (2005). Authentic leadership theory and practice: Origins,

 

effects, and development. Oxford, UK: Elsevier.

 

George, W. (2003). Authentic leadership: Rediscovering the secrets to lasting value. San Francisco: JosseyBass.

 

Luthans, F., & Avolio, B. (2003). Authentic leadership development approach. In K. S. Cameron, ed. , J. E.

 

Dutton, ed. , & R. E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline (pp. 241?

 

261). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

 

May, D. R., Chan, A., Hodges, T., and Avolio, B. J. Developing the moral component of authentic leadership.

 

Organizational Dynamics vol. 32 (2003). pp. 247?260.

 

Entry Citation:

 

DeLauer, Michelle. "Authenticity." International Encyclopedia of Organization Studies. Ed. . Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2007. 83-85.

 

SAGE Reference Online. Web. 30 Jan. 2012.

 

2 ? SAGE Publications, Inc.

 

Brought to you by: SAGE 3

 


Solution details:
STATUS
Answered
QUALITY
Approved
ANSWER RATING

This question was answered on: Sep 18, 2020

PRICE: $15

Solution~0001005365.zip (25.37 KB)

Buy this answer for only: $15

This attachment is locked

We have a ready expert answer for this paper which you can use for in-depth understanding, research editing or paraphrasing. You can buy it or order for a fresh, original and plagiarism-free copy from our tutoring website www.aceyourhomework.com (Deadline assured. Flexible pricing. TurnItIn Report provided)

Pay using PayPal (No PayPal account Required) or your credit card . All your purchases are securely protected by .
SiteLock

About this Question

STATUS

Answered

QUALITY

Approved

DATE ANSWERED

Sep 18, 2020

EXPERT

Tutor

ANSWER RATING

GET INSTANT HELP/h4>

We have top-notch tutors who can do your essay/homework for you at a reasonable cost and then you can simply use that essay as a template to build your own arguments.

You can also use these solutions:

  • As a reference for in-depth understanding of the subject.
  • As a source of ideas / reasoning for your own research (if properly referenced)
  • For editing and paraphrasing (check your institution's definition of plagiarism and recommended paraphrase).
This we believe is a better way of understanding a problem and makes use of the efficiency of time of the student.

NEW ASSIGNMENT HELP?

Order New Solution. Quick Turnaround

Click on the button below in order to Order for a New, Original and High-Quality Essay Solutions. New orders are original solutions and precise to your writing instruction requirements. Place a New Order using the button below.

WE GUARANTEE, THAT YOUR PAPER WILL BE WRITTEN FROM SCRATCH AND WITHIN YOUR SET DEADLINE.

Order Now