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[answered] M132 Final Exam 1. What are the seven characters of the ICD


M132/HIM1126C Section 01 ICD-PCS Coding??I need help with question 9 through 26


M132 Final Exam

 

1. What are the seven characters of the ICD-10-PCScodes?

 

a.

 

b.

 

c.

 

d.

 

e.

 

f.

 

g. 2. 3. 4. Character 1 = SECTION

 

Character 2 = BODY SYSTEM

 

Character 3 = ROOT OPERATION

 

Character 4 = BODY PART

 

Character 5 = APPROACH

 

Character 6 = DEVICE

 

Character 7 = QUALIFIER What is the overall organization of ICD-10-PCS?

 

a.

 

How many sections are included in ICD-10-PCS?

 

16

 

b.

 

What are the three main sections?

 

Medical & Surgical, Medical & Surgical related sections, Ancillary section

 

c.

 

What is contained in the first section?

 

Medical & Surgical ?0?

 

d.

 

What is included in the Ancillary Section?

 

Imaging, Nuclear Medicine, Radiation Oncology, Physical Rehab, Diagnostic Audiology,

 

Mental Health, Substance Abuse Treatment

 

What are the root operations in ICD-10-PCS?

 

The third character in the Medical and Surgical section is the root operation. There are a

 

total of 31 root operations. Excision, Resection, Detachment, Destruction,

 

Extraction

 

How does ICD-10-PCSdefine ?approach? and what are the approaches identified?

 

Method or technique to reach the operative site. Open ? Open Endoscopic ? Percutaneous ? Percutaneous Endoscopic ? Via Natural or Artificial Opening ? Via Natural or Artificial Opening Endoscopic ? Open with Percutaneous Endoscopic Assistance ? External 5. How does ICD-10-PCS define ?device? as the sixth character in the Medical and Surgical

 

section?

 

Depending on the procedure performed, there may or may not be a device left in

 

place at the end of the procedure. The sixth character defines the device. Device

 

values fall into four basic categories. Grafts and Prostheses, Implants, Simple or

 

Mechanical Appliances, Electronic Appliances. 6. How is an ICD-10-PCS code assigned?

 

Each character in the seven-character code represents an aspect of the procedure.

 

This code is derived by choosing a specific value for each of the seven characters.

 

Based on details about the procedure performed, values for each character

 

specifying the section, body system, root operation, body part, approach, device,

 

and qualifier are assigned. 7. ICD-10-PCS procedure codes are required to be used to code patients in which of the

 

following settings? Check all that apply.

 

?

 

Hospital inpatient settings

 

?

 

Physician offices ?

 

? Hospital outpatient departments

 

Hospital emergency departments 8. What is the maximum number of digits in a valid ICD-10-PCSprocedure code?

 

?

 

Five

 

?

 

Six

 

?

 

Seven

 

?

 

Eight 9. Identify the main term in Index for each procedure:

 

a.

 

Percutaneous biopsy of prostate

 

Click here to enter text. b. Laparoscopic appendectomy c. Exploratory laparotomy of abdomen Click here to enter text.

 

Click here to enter text. d. Suture repair of laceration of foot e. Closed reduction of fracture of left radius Click here to enter text.

 

Click here to enter text. 10. What is the main term in the Index and the first three characters and the root

 

operation to be used for the following procedure titles?

 

a. Bunionectomy b. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Click here to enter text.

 

Click here to enter text. c. Femoral herniorrhaphy without synthetic substitute d. Excisional biopsy of breast, left Click here to enter text.

 

Click here to enter text. e. Transfusion of packed red cells via peripheral vein f. Laparoscopic total cholecystectomy Click here to enter text.

 

Click here to enter text. g. Amputation of right fifth toe h. Low cervical Cesarean delivery Click here to enter text.

 

Click here to enter text. i. Right hip replacement j. Resection of lower lobe, left lung Click here to enter text.

 

Click here to enter text. k. Open reduction, hip fracture, right l. Artificial rupture of membranes (AROM) Click here to enter text.

 

Click here to enter text. m. Permanent colostomy of left descending colon

 

Click here to enter text. 11. Bilateral open direct inguinal herniorrhaphy

 

Click here to enter text. 12. Coronary artery bypass graft of the left anterior descending artery using the left internal

 

mammary artery.

 

Click here to enter text. 13. Right thyroid lobectomy using an open approach to excise the entire right thyroid lobe

 

Click here to enter text. 14. Open reduction with internal fixation, left fibula

 

Click here to enter text. 15. Right total hip replacement using an uncemented ceramic?on?ceramic device through open

 

Click here to enter text. 16. Laparoscopic assisted total vaginal hysterectomy

 

Click here to enter text. 17. Left below knee amputation of proximal tibia and fibula

 

Click here to enter text. 18. Right kidney transplant with organ donor match

 

Click here to enter text. 19. Mitral valve replacement using porcine tissue by open approach

 

Click here to enter text. 20. Case study:

 

PREOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Left inguinal hernia.

 

POSTOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Large left inguinal hernia, direct.

 

PROCEDURE: Repair of large direct left inguinal hernia with Prolene Hernia System Mesh (PHS) and

 

resection of lipoma of the cord.

 

FINDINGS: Large direct left inguinal hernia and large lipoma of the cord.

 

DESCRIPTION OF PROCEDURE: After routine preparation, the patient was prepped and draped under

 

general anesthesia in supine position. The bladder was decompressed with a Foley catheter. An incision

 

was made in the left groin parallel to the left inguinal ligament after the skin had been infiltrated with

 

0.5% plain Marcaine. Subcu was incised. Superficial epigastric vessels were identified, clamped,

 

transected and ligated with 2-0 Vicryl. Scarpa's was incised. The external oblique aponeurosis was

 

identified and incised. The incision was carried down to the external ring superior to the internal ring.

 

The ilioinguinal nerve was identified, freed from the surrounding tissues and retracted medially. The cord

 

structures were encircled with a Penrose drain. A large lipoma of the lumbar cord was dissected off all

 

the way to the base, clamped, transected and ligated with 2-0 Vicryl. The cremasteric muscles were

 

transected at the anteromedial aspect of the cord structures. A hernia sac was identified, which was a

 

small indirect hernia. The sac was dissected all the way to the level of the preperitoneal fat. The contents

 

were mobilized. Then, there was a large bulge in the direct space, almost occupying the entire direct

 

space. It was dissected from the surrounding tissues. Deep epigastric vessels were identified. The fascia

 

was transected. Deep epigastric vessels were skeletonized and retracted cephalad anteriorly. The transversalis was transected circumferentially. The direct space was bluntly dissected until completely

 

dissecting the direct and indirect space. A Prolene Hernia System mesh was placed. The innerlay was

 

unfolded inferiorly, superiorly, medially and laterally. The transversalis was closed over it with 2-0 Vicryl.

 

The overlay was unfolded and sutured to the pubic tubercle inferiorly, cut at the 1 o'clock location,

 

wrapped around the cord structures and placed over the internal oblique muscle. The wound was

 

irrigated. Cord structures were placed in the usual anatomic location. The external oblique aponeurosis

 

was closed with 3-0 Vicryl. Again, the gallbladder was also placed in the usual anatomic location. The

 

external oblique aponeurosis was closed with 3-0 Vicryl. Subcu was closed with interrupted 4-0

 

Monocryl. Each layer was infiltrated with 0.5% plain Marcaine. The skin was closed with subcuticular 4- o

 

Monocryl. Dermabond was applied. The patient tolerated the procedure well under general anesthesia

 

and left the operating room to Recovery in good condition.

 

ICD-10-PCS Codes: Click here to enter text.

 

21. Case study:

 

PREOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Large right subdural hematoma.

 

POSTOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Large right subdural hematoma.

 

PROCEDURE PERFORMED: Right craniotomy with evacuation of subdural hematoma.

 

HISTORY: This 58-year-old patient was transferred from an outside hospital after she was found

 

unresponsive. She was on Coumadin, and she was found to have a large right-sided subdural hematoma

 

with significant midline shift. On exam, she is noted to have, anisocoria and large right pupil,

 

decerebrating, to pain. The patient had received FFP as well as factor VII and emergently rushed to the

 

operating room.

 

PROCEDURE: The patient was brought into the general operating theater. Following the induction of

 

general anesthesia, the patient was supine. The scalp was clipped, prepped and draped. We made a

 

hairline incision frontal temporal parietal, reflecting it and incised down through the temporalis muscle.

 

Fascia reflected with the skin flap. Bone flap was elevated without dural violation, tacked up to the bone

 

edges with 4-0 Nurolon. As the dura was tacked up, the dura was opened. We encountered a very large

 

subdural membrane. We circumferentially evacuated it. We did find a cortical arterial bleeder. Once it

 

started bleeding, we removed the clot. This was coagulated, and the bleeding was stopped. We

 

copiously irrigated, circumferentially inspecting the edges to make sure there was no venous bleeding.

 

All seemed dry. We next reapproximated the dura. We did place a red rubber catheter in the subdural

 

space. The dura was approximated with 4-0 Nurolon. Bone was placed back in place. Temporalis muscle

 

and fascia were approximated with 2-0 Vicryl, the galea with inverted interrupted 2-0 Vicryl and the skin

 

with staples.

 

Following this procedure, all instrument, sponge, needle and padding counts were correct.

 

ICD-10-PCS code: Click here to enter text. 23. Case study:

 

Title of Operation: Pterygium removal with conjunctival graft.

 

Procedure in Detail: Local anesthesia was achieved with a 50/50 mixture of 2% Xylocaine and 0.75%

 

Marcaine with Wydase. The right eye was prepped and draped in the usual sterile fashion. The lashes

 

were isolated on Steri-Strips and the lids separated with the wire speculum. The pterygium was marked

 

with a marking pen and subconjunctival injection of 1% lidocaine with epinephrine was injected

 

underneath the pterygium. The pterygium was then resected from the conjunctiva and the body of the

 

pterygium was resected with sharp dissection with Westcott scissors. The head of the pterygium was

 

dissected off the cornea with Martinez corneal dissector. The cornea was then smoothed with an

 

ototome bur. Hemostasis was achieved with bipolar cautery.

 

A conjunctival graft measuring 10 x 8 mm was harvested from the superior bulbar conjunctiva by

 

marking the area, injecting it with subconjunctival 1% lidocaine with epinephrine. This was dissected

 

with Westcott scissors and sutured in place with multiple interrupted 9-0 Dexon sutures. Subconjunctival

 

Decadron and gentamicin injections were given. A bandage contact lens was placed on the eye. Maxitrol

 

ointment was placed on the eye. A patch was placed on the eye. The patient tolerated the procedure

 

well and was taken to the recovery room in good condition.

 

ICD-10-PCS Codes: Click here to enter text.

 

24. Case study:

 

Procedure: Laparoscopic gastric band.

 

ANESTHESIA: General

 

History : Morbid obesity, body mass index (BMI) of 42.

 

Description: The patient was placed in the supine position on the operating table and sterilely draped.

 

Abdomen was prepped with Betadine and a trocar was applied to the left abdomen on the right side.

 

15mHg carbon dioxide was used for insufflation. Additional ports were placed under visualization.

 

The liver was raised and peritoneum divided using electrocautery. A small window was formed in the

 

peritoneum at the left and right crus of the diaphragm, and a grasping instrument was placed via the

 

right lateral port site into the window and advanced to the peritoneum. After this the band was dropped

 

into the abdomen and brought through and properly closed. Upon examination it was determined that

 

there was adequate space between the stomach and the band and it was secured and sutured to the

 

stomach above the band. This was accomplished via fundoplication, which commenced at the angle of

 

His and to within 2.5 cm of the band buckle. Band tubing was removed sing the left upper abdominal

 

site of the trocar. At this time all of the trocars were removed from the abdomen and the liver retractor

 

was removed. Hemostasis was evaluated and found to be adequate. The band tubing was clipped to

 

measure 15 cm from the edge of the kin and secured to the port, with the port held to the rectus fascia on the left using 5 Ethibond 2-0 interrupted sutures and putting the excess band tubing into the

 

abdomen. The skin edges were secured with 4-0 sutures and sterile dressing.

 

The patient was taken to the recovery room in stable condition.

 

ICD-10-PCS: Click here to enter text.

 

25. Case study:

 

Preoperative Diagnosis: Extensive ductal carcinoma in situ, left breast.

 

Postoperative Diagnosis: Extensive ductal carcinoma in situ, left breast.

 

Procedure: Sentinel lymph node mapping, injection, and 4 biopsies.

 

Left simple mastectomy.

 

Anesthesia: General endotracheal.

 

DESCRIPTION OF PROCEDURE: The patient was transferred to the operating room and in the supine

 

position. After general endotracheal anesthesia was administered, the left breast, chest wall, axilla, and

 

arm were prepped and draped en bloc and draped. The previous marking of the sentinel lymph nodes

 

was identified. A needle probe was used and transcutaneous readings of the sentinel lymph node area

 

were taken and recorded. Isosulfan blue was injected into the periareolar region and massaged.

 

Using a 10-blade scalpel, a transverse mastectomy incision was made in the breast around the nippleareolar complex. Flaps were raised superiorly to the clavicle, medially to the sternum, inferiorly to the

 

rectus sheath, and laterally to the latissimus dorsi border. Retraction was placed on the skin flaps in a

 

cephalad direction and readings in the axilla were obtained.

 

Three hot sentinel lymph nodes in the left axilla were traced using the needle probe, each had readings

 

recorded in vivo and ex vivo. Within the field there was a fourth lymph node which was at least 2.0 cm in

 

size, and this was biopsied just on the basis of size and lymphadenopathy. It was not radioactively hot.

 

The 4 samples were labeled and sent to pathology and frozen section proved them to be benign.

 

The simple mastectomy was performed next, with the breast taken off the chest wall in a medial to

 

lateral fashion. This was sent to pathology.

 

Irrigation was performed and hemostasis was accomplished with cautery. Two 10-mm Jackson-Pratt

 

drains were placed into the superior skin flap and into the left axilla and the wound was closed in 2

 

layers with 3-0 Vicryl suture and 4-0 Vicryl suture with Steri-Strips. The drains were sutured to the chest

 

wall. The patient was awakened and taken to the recovery room in stable condition.

 

ICD-10-PCS Code: Click here to enter text.

 

26. Case study: OPERATIVE REPORT

 

PREOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Equinus contractures secondary to spastic diplegia, bilateral

 

POSTOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Equinus contractures secondary to spastic diplegia, bilateral

 

PROCEDURE: Bilateral percutaneous Achilles tendon lengthening.

 

ANESTHESIA: General via laryngeal mask.

 

DESCRIPTION OF PROCEDURE: The patient was placed on the operating room table, in a supine position

 

and after adequate induction of general laryngeal mask anesthesia, both lower extremities were

 

prepped and draped in the usual sterile orthopedic fashion. Pneumatic tourniquets were placed

 

bilaterally about the upper thighs. First to the left lower extremity was addressed, where the leg was

 

exsanguinated with an elastic Martin bandage, and a pneumatic tourniquet elevated to 200 mmHg.

 

With the foot placed in neutral dorsiflexion of 90 degrees to his leg, a percutaneous stab incision was

 

made at the distal end of the Achilles tendon along the medial side. The 15 blade knife was then used to

 

cut the medial half of the tendon through the stab incision. A second stab incision was made on the

 

medial side at the proximal pole of the tendon, approximately 7 to 8 cm proximal to the distal stab

 

wound. Using a 15 blade,the tendon was cut through half its width through the stab incision. A third

 

lateral incision was then made percutaneously midway between the proximal and distal incisions, and

 

the lateral half of the tendon was cut through the stab wound incision. The foot could then be

 

dorsiflexed 20 degrees above neutral with the knee extended. The wounds were then dressed with

 

Mastisol and Steri-Strips followed by Xeroform, dry sterile dressing, and sterile Webril. The tourniquet

 

was released with a total tourniquet time of 5 minutes.

 

Next the right leg was addressed, and an identical procedure was performed using three stab incisions

 

cut distal and proximal along the medial half of the tendon with a lateral stab incision made midway

 

between the two medial stab incisions. The lateral half of the tendon was cut. This foot was dorsiflexed

 

20 degrees with the knee extended and the wounds were dressed as on the other site. The tourniquet

 

was also released with a time of 4 minutes.

 

Short leg casts were then placed with the feet in neutral position to the right and left side. Sponge,

 

needle, and instrument counts were correct. The patient tolerated the procedure well and returned to

 

the PACU in satisfactory condition.

 

ICD-10-PCS Code: Click here to enter text.

 


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