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Answered: - Dear good people, Questions relate to Logic and Argument P


Dear good people,

Questions relate to Logic and Argument

Please help


Exercises in Feldman (2014), chapter 3

 

Pages 86-87

 

State the patterns of the following arguments and decide whether they are

 

valid or not (you don?t have to provide the names of the patterns).

 

2

 


 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 


 

6.

 


 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 


 

8

 


 

9

 


 

If you like logic, then

 

You like logic.

 

You love debate.

 


 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 


 

You like logic if and on

 

It?s not the case that y

 

It?s not the case that y

 


 

Either you like logic or

 

It is not the case that y

 

You love debate.

 


 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 


 

If you like logic, then you love debate.

 

If you love debate, then you should consider

 

If you like logic, then you should consider be

 


 

Page 88

 

State the patterns of the following arguments and decide whether they are

 

valid or not.

 

2 1. All logicians are dull.

 

2. Irving is not a logician.

 

3. Irving is dull.

 

4 1. All logicians are dull.

 

2. All (who are) dull are party animals.

 

3. All logicians are party animals.

 


 

1

 


 

6 1. All logicians are dull.

 

2. Irving is not dull.

 

3. Irving is not a logician.

 

7 1. All bearded logicians wear glasses.

 

2. Irving is a bearded logician.

 

3. Irving wears glasses.

 


 

Pages 93-94

 

2 For each of the following arguments, state the pattern of the

 

argument and state whether or not the argument is valid. If it is

 

not valid, describe a possible situation in which the premises are

 

true but the conclusion is false.

 

f.

 


 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 


 

If Jack is in Hollywood, then

 

Jack is not in Hollywood.

 

Jack is not in California.

 


 

h.

 


 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 


 

j.

 


 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

4.

 


 

m.

 


 

n.

 


 

If Jack is in Hollywood,

 

Jack is in California.

 

Jack is in Hollywood.

 


 

Either it will rain

 

If it rains, then th

 

If it snows, then th

 

The ground will g

 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

4.

 


 

If Jones stud

 

If Jones pas

 

Jones will n

 

Smith will n

 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 


 

Pages 101-102

 

1 Identify the key parts and state the patterns of the arguments.

 

State whether the argument is valid, cogent or ill-formed. If you think

 

that an argument is not valid, then describe a situation in which the

 

premises are true but the conclusion is false.

 

c.

 


 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 


 

f.

 


 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

4.

 


 

g.

 


 

i.

 


 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

4.

 


 

If Sam passed the test, then Sam passe

 

If Sam passed the course, then Sam wen

 

Sam went to Europe in June.

 

Sam passed the test.

 


 

2 The following arguments are tricky; all of them are invalid. State

 

the pattern for each argument. Then give an argument following the

 

same pattern that clearly has true premises and a false conclusion.

 

State whether you think each of the arguments is cogent and explain

 

why.

 

d. 1. Most joggers are healthy.

 

2. Zola is not healthy.

 

3. Zola is not a jogger.

 

e. 1. Most bears can fly.

 

2. Smokey is not a bear.

 

3. Smokey can not fly.

 

4 Evaluate the following argument.

 


 

1 Darryl?s team was losing by three runs when Darryl came up

 

to bat in the bottom of the ninth inning.

 

2 When Darryl came up to bat, the bases were loaded and

 

Darryl hit the ball over the fence in fair territory.

 

3 Darryl?s team won the game.

 


 

Page 107

 

3 State whether the following arguments are valid, cogent or ill-formed

 

and the reasons why.

 

a. 1. Whenever a person is commander in chief, the person

 

is also president.

 

2. Newt will be commander in chief, in 2006.

 

3. Newt will be president in 2006.

 

b. 1. Whenever a person is commander in chief, the person

 

is also president.

 

2. Newt was commander in chief in 1990.

 

3. Newt was president in 1990.

 

c. 1. Most commanders in chief are presidents.

 

2. Newt is commander in chief.

 

3. Newt is president.

 

d. 1. Most days are odd-numbered.

 

2. There was a day in which the U.S. population reached

 

200 million.

 

3. The day on which the U.S. population reached 200

 

million was odd-numbered.

 

e. 1. Most days are odd-numbered.

 

2. There will be a day on which the U.S. population reaches

 

300 million.

 

3. The day on which the U.S. population reaches 300 million

 

will be odd-numbered.

 


 

 


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